Programmers may find the code difficult to understand because it isn’t simple enough to read. Disadvantages of SwiftThe only one disadvantage of Swift app development is that it is not stable. You may get its upcoming versions and app changes and migration is not an easy task. It’s a good idea to learn C before learning Objective-C, which is a strict superset of C. This means that Objective-C can support all normal C code, so the code common to C programs is bound to show up even in Objective-C code.

Disadvantages of Objective-C

Swift is fully compatible with Objective C, and they can be combined in the same project without causing problems. It becomes more beneficial on larger projects developed and updated over time. The maturity of the language, which is seen as a benefit, has its drawbacks. Because many hacking tools have been in development simultaneously as the evolving language, an app created in Objective-C may be more prone to hacking assaults. C and Smalltalk and this is the reason why it has a complicated syntax. This is possible thanks to runtime crash, which is triggered by possible bugs so you can fix an issue immediately.


Let’s look at this Swift vs Objective-C battle from the outside of it and try to define the advantages of the first one. After Swift had been announced a new programming language from Apple, it caused a lot of surprise and confusion in the community. There were various predictions about its future and the developers’ feedback left a great deal of room for further discussions. Swift can only be used to create apps designed to run on the IOS 7 or later. As a result, Swift cannot be utilized in older apps written for earlier versions of the iOS operating system. The language is built on OOP concepts, and it has a complex syntax that is difficult for novices to comprehend.

The way Objective-C executes a code referenced by a method is different from other C family languages. Most C++ developers actually work in the game development industry. Programmers typically use C++ when they need low-level control over a system’s resources while maintaining high performance.

Disadvantages of Objective-C

As a superset of the C programming language, it offers the ability for developers to be more detail-oriented as well as more supportive of objects and other languages. Maintenance is required – this refers to updating the apps that were developed using Objective-C. The capability to send a message on a nil object without dropping and the absence of strict typing lead to bugs that are difficult to track and fix.

Jobs that mention Objective-C as a desired skillset

Swift is easy to Read and Write because it is a clean and expressive language that has simplified Syntax and Grammar. It requires a lot less code performing the same takes when compared to Objective-C. Automatic Reference Counting manages the application’s memory usage, so the developers don’t have to spend time doing it. For example, SwiftUI is Apple’s new user interface framework for Swift. It was introduced in the Swift 5.1 release and is available starting with Xcode 11 beta.

Swift is the programming language that was first launched by Apple in June 2014. Objective-C yields all warts you’d expect from a language formed on C. To distinguish keywords and types from C types, Objective-C preceded new keywords applying the @ symbol. Because Swift isn’t made on C, it can ally all the keywords and extract the numerous @ symbols in the presence of every Objective-C type or object-related keyword. The emphasis is on quickness, performance, and outdoing the predecessors.

What Is C and Object-Oriented Programming Language?

4) Using dynamic run-time types, all methods are function calls, so many compile-time optimization methods are not available. This one is the best if you intend to set up translation firewalls (e.g. use PIMPL and forwards to reduce dependencies). As well, the ObjC object is already going through locking and allocations, so it’s not a bad point to allocate a C++ type. If you have several declarations, you may prefer to create a wrapper type for your implementation to reduce individual allocations.

In all these languages, the method that you call becomes connected to the part of the class where it’s located when you compile the codes. Meanwhile, in Objective-C, the message is sent to the class during runtime and resolved while the app is running. However, other programming languages deserve some recognition, too — one of them being Objective-C. JavaScript and HTML/CSS are very familiar programming languages to people even outside the coding world. Created as a replacement for Objective-C, this iOS coding language is claimed to be better than its predecessor.

Disadvantages of Objective-C

It feels like none of the stuff is sticking, but I’m not sure if it’s the way it goes or my approach is wrong. Objective-C programming is a programming language that is used for general-purpose activities. While it is not specific to any particular platform or system, it can greatly aid in developing a variety of other frameworks.

Disadvantages of Objective-C

Objective-C requires that the interface and implementation of a class be in separately declared code blocks. By convention, developers place the interface in a header file and the implementation in a code file. The header files, normally suffixed .h, are similar to C header files while the implementation files, normally suffixed .m, can be very similar to C code files. The work to extend GCC was led by Steve Naroff, who joined NeXT from StepStone.

You’ll also be able to autonomously prolong the original program and create a modification while keeping the same features. Objective questions are those based in fact, where a respondent’s answer can be determined as right, wrong, true or false. An example of an objective question would be to ask where someone lives or what they bought from your store. Objective-C is an object-oriented programming language that is used to derive OS X and iOS and their APIs. According to developers, Swift and Objective-C should learn to coexist. You may add new features to an existing Objective-C project or mix Objective-C components into a new Swift project.

If you’re unsure which objects will be used at run time, dynamic typing lets you declare a variable that can be held in reference to an object. Meanwhile, if you’re sure about the objects that will be used at run time, static typing can be a better option. The first C programming language was originally developed in the 1970s. But it was only in the 1980s when it was implemented in the first mainframes and microcomputers. It is a list of methods that any class can declare itself to implement. Objective-C 2.0 added support for marking certain methods in a protocol optional, and the compiler will not enforce implementation of optional methods.

A non-valid object pointer has the value nil; conditional statements like “if” treat nil like a null pointer, so the initialization code will not be executed if returned nil. I’ve just moved things over to use more C++ and use composition with smart pointers to reduce dependency. This is better than an opaque type, but the smart pointer is even better – pretty obvious if you are used to writing modern C++.

Time-consuming – Aside from the complex syntax, the lines of code are LONG as well. There’s a lack of namespacing, too — for instance, variable names shouldn’t contain spaces. Instead, a variable name should only have letters, numbers, and underscores. So, you’ll need to carefully reread the whole thing to ensure that your code is correct. NSNumber – This is a lightweight “wrapper” class that lets a primitive data type have object-oriented features.

  • Components can be nested to create complex hierarchies, and they can be reused across multiple apps and screens.
  • Objective-C is a mix of the original C programming language and Smalltalk.
  • Some things to consider when using the tools available through Objective-C deployment services are the use of xcode and OS X versus iOS.
  • The compilation times are much higher than ObjC or C++ when you begin creating nontrivial programs.
  • Respondents don’t have to formulate an answer but can focus on the content.
  • When Swift was released, the two languages became interoperable.

So to dodge contention, there is a practice of prefixing the names of classes. This is the purpose we own the ‘NS’ prefix for the class in the Foundation Framework and the ‘UI’ prefix for the classes in UIKit. Although the Swift community is rapidly growing, it is still relatively small compared to other open-source languages. According to, a freelancing website, there is increasing demand for iOS developers, resulting in a talent gap. The developers have expressed concern about the lack of backward compatibility with each new release.

Swift OOPs

Compatible with any iOS version – Because of how ingrained Objective-C is in Apple platforms, it has backward compatibility. Encapsulation – This feature lets you limit other users from having DIRECT access to state values of the variables. You can use it to adapt to new requirements and set different variables as to write-only or read. Despite that, developers Brad Cox and Tom Love used class libraries and the Smalltalk language as a guide for their concepts.

What are the benefits of swift over Objective-C?

Meanwhile, for Objective-C, categories run directly in compile time and can only be used to extend a certain type’s functionality. With Swift, coding for any type that conforms to protocol WITHOUT knowing the specific type is possible. Has plenty of tools – Because of its history, Objective-C has been equipped with an abundance of tools. These include the XCode and Cocoa frameworks, and those from third-party contributors and Apple itself.

First, if an app has already been written in Objective-C and has a huge codebase (100,000+ code lines). Second, if you plan to build an SDK, Objective-C is a better option. At last, it is better to use Objective-C if C or C++ third-party frameworks are used extensively in software. Objective-C is the primary programming language you use when writing software for OS X and iOS. It’s a superset of the C programming language and provides object-oriented capabilities and a dynamic runtime.

As a result, Swift works better and faster compared to Objective-C when it comes to bug testing. All this gives reason to consider Swift as a safe and secure programming language. Easy to use – A big reason why the language took off is it’s VERY user-friendly. It doesn’t have complex features that other languages tend to have. Aside from that, Objective-C has a fast program feature, making programming efficient and quick. C and Objective-C are almost the same — except Objective-C programming language is the object-oriented language version of C language.

Thanks to that, the language is mainly used for creating operating systems, embedded systems, and web browsers. Some modern desktop applications that ios swift vs objective c use C++ are Adobe programs and Microsoft Windows OSX. By nature, they require longer time for students to think, organize and compose their answers.

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